Another area in the classroom is the “Sensorial” area. Here we have materials that help refine the senses. Nothing goes to the intellect without going through the senses. This area also contains extensions such as geography, geometric shapes, flags, and movement. Children learn about smells, textures, weights, colors, shapes, depth, width, length, size, memorization, and taste.
The next area in the classroom is “Language.” We build the children’s vocabulary, develop the hand for writing, teach the reading sounds, and introduce grammar concepts such as adjectives, conjunctions, articles, etc. The children also work with botany by identifying parts of a flower, parts of animals, and other language relating to Botany, Zoology, and geometric shapes.
In the classroom, the children learn about “Math” through concrete materials. At a young age, children do not have the ability to understand math through abstract methods such as writing or memorization. They need to see and feel to understand. With the Montessori materials such as beads, the children actually learn to count numbers into the thousands. They learn how to multiply and divide, add, subtract, sort, and classify which will set them up for abstraction once they reach the elementary school age.