For children six and under, Montessori emphasizes learning through all five senses, not just through
listening, watching, or reading. Montessori classes allow each child to learn at an individual pace and to choose activities from hundreds of possibilities. They are not required to sit and listen to a teacher talk to them as a group, but are engaged in individual or group activities with materials that have been introduced to them one-to-one by the teacher who knows what each child is ready to do. Learning is an exciting process of discovery; leading to concentration, motivation, self-discipline, and a love of learning.
Children above age 6 learn to do independent research, arrange field trips to gather information, interview specialists, and create group presentations, dramas, art exhibits, musical productions, science projects, and so forth. There is no limit to what they can create in this kind of intelligently guided freedom. There are no text books, adult-directed group lessons or preset daily schedule. There is great respect for the choices of the children, and they easily keep up with or surpass what they would be doing in a more traditional setting.
Children enjoy their work and study and time is never wasted. The children ask each other for lessons and much of the learning comes from sharing and inspiring instead of competing with each other.